As a key focus and important aspect of agricultural heritage systems (AHS), terraces are considered a typical upland agricultural ecosystem and constitute one of the most evident, anthropogenic imprints on the landscape, covering a considerable part of the terrestrial landscape [, As human-created landscapes, terraces are ubiquitous on hill slopes and in other mountainous, evidence of human history and its diverse cultures and civilizations [, of previous societies’ abundant production technology, Guizhou, Hunan, and Guangxi provinces, with the Honghe Hani Rice Terraces System (HHR, high historical, cultural, ecological, economic, and aesthetic value [, of the forest–village–terrace–river ecological landscape represents the typical characteristics of the, (UNESCO). ( Log Out / multinomial logit model using panel data. 1044 interviews were conducted in the semi-arid region of north central Mexico. what are the other expenses? http://www.fao.org/giahs/giahsaroundtheworld/en/, , 460–469. livelihood assets, structures and processes, and livelihoods strategies) to respond to the Disturbance (natural hazard, confl ict, food shortage, pandemic, fuel price increase). In recent decades, changing climatic and economic conditions have challenged farmers in the region. By the end, of 2017, a total of 91 traditional agricultural systems had been ranked as China-NIAHS, including. The results show that there. While local participation enhances the voices of local stakeholders, power dynamics between them and the researchers driving these processes can dampen local voices or elide critical pieces of information. (In Chinese with English Abstract), Better Livelihoods for Poor People: The Role of Agriculture, , 65–69. We interviewed 160 rice farmers and conducted two focus group discussions in two communes in An Giang province. 3 Consistent with the results of correlation analyses and factor analyses, significant driving factors of red rice planting included the ethnicity of the household, the average altitude of the farmland, and the labor productivity of red rice. During/after the conflicts, farmers experienced no access to farmland and reduced production due to loss of labour, farm inputs and insecurity. The study concludes that conflict between farmers and herdsmen has a serious effect on the livelihood assets of farming households in the area. We selected the main distribution areas. The terraced landscape in Yuanyang is the most famous. Mail Id: email@example.com Conflict threatens the livelihood assets of farming communities, especially the very poor farmers because it directly affects their primary livelihood activity. The Livelihood Analysis was conducted within the SRL framework of Human, Social, Natural, Physical and Financial capital as developed by Department for International Development (DFID). REALLY I GOT A FULL SKILL FROM YOUR LICTURER .THANK U SO MUCH. Regarding the average household composition, the most signiﬁcant differences are householder, householders, which is closely linked to the multiethnic integration in Hani terrace areas and the. A livelihood is sustainable when it can cope with and recover from stresses and shocks, maintain or enhance its capabilities and assets, while not undermining the natural resource base. A Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA) was used for gaining information in Yuanyang County, Yunnan Province. farming season, going out as migrant workers. The results indicated (1) that farmers’ livelihood capital is relatively low and that the natural capital was the lowest, although some variation was observed. Building homestays to receive tourists, making and selling souvenirs, and, Primarily engaging in local tourist reception and work, Conducting agricultural activities in busy farming season and. These results can inform the design of climate change adaptation policies and improve targeting of soil water management practices in Ethiopia. IMPORTANT CONCEPTS IN HIV/AIDS 19 4.1 The Impact of HIV/AIDS on Livelihood and Food Security 19 4.2 The Impact of Livelihood and Food Security on HIV/AIDS 20 5. What is the nature of access rights (e.g. which constraints on livelihood success can be prioritised for action to remove them, and the links between them identified. (In Chinese with English Abstract), , 42–44. Following a strong El-Niño, some regions of Ethiopia experienced major droughts during the 2015/16 agricultural season. To make it suitable for this specific context, we adjusted the original framework based on literature review and experienced observations (Ding et al., 2018;Pandey et al., 2017;Su et al., 2019;Thao et al., 2019;Lan et al., 2018;Wei et al., 2019Wei et al., , 2016, ... Mosser membuat kerangka analisis yang disebut "The Aset Vulnerability Framework". Scholars utilize different criteria to classify livelihood, strategies, for example, by the diversity of the agricultural livelihood strategy [, structure, source of income, and development direction [, methods include k-means cluster analysis and latent class cluster analysis [, classifying peasants by their income structure is widely used [, Social Sciences proposed a method to classify the income structures of peasants such that households, where agricultural income accounts for over 95% of family income are deﬁned as pure agricultural, households, those where nonagricultural income accounts for over 95% are deﬁned as nonagricultural, households, and those where nonagricultural income accounts for 5–95% are recognized as part-time, classiﬁcation method in 2005, decreasing the income threshold from 95% to 90% [, Compared with other rural areas, households in AHS have mostly adopted a diversiﬁed livelihood, can be divided into offering local tourist reception, working in cities, and receiving a subsidy from the, situation of the HHRTS and SDTS, this paper deﬁnes households whose agricultural income accounts, for over 75% of family income as pure agricultural households (LS1), those whose nonagricultural, income accounts for over 75% as nonagricultural households (LS2), and those whose nonagricultural. , for nonagricultural households, income levels in t, ime agricultural households have similar income. and part-time agricultural households (LS3). In recent years, however, the Vietnamese government has started to pay more attention to longer-term sustainability considerations. The results show that in both terrace systems, the understanding of traditional agricultural knowledge is important to suppress the shift of pure agricultural households to nonagricultural or part-time agricultural households. The study revealed that the conflicts between farmers and herdsmen have forced farmers out of their farming communities with resultant short and long term effects on food production and supply. assets of pure agricultural households are lower than the average level, whereas livelihood assets of nonagricultural and part-time agricultural households are higher than average. tion of annual household income in the SDTS. Livelihood assets (physical, financial, human and social) were considered for each wealth group. Based on experiences at the Honghe Hani rice terrace system in Yunnan, China, we calculated and compared inputs and outputs of traditional and modern systems during organic conversion and developed a calculation method for determining opportunity costs of agricultural production. The Livelihood Asset Status Tracking (LAST) is a rapid impact monitoring system designed with primary stakeholders and based on the Sustainable Rural Livelihoods (SRL) conceptual framework. The method used is quantitative analysis by distributing questionnaires (Likert scale), observation and interviews. How Livelihood Assets Contribute to Sustainable Development of Smallholder Farmers Buy Article: $52.00 + tax ... is a knowledge gap and practical demand to understand the relationship between capitals for developing sustainable livelihoods to realize poverty reduction and sustainable development, in particular for the smallholder farmers. going out as migrant workers in slack farming season. (In Chinese with English Abstract). Livelihood assets of nonagricultural households in HHRTS and SDTS. The increased awareness of the agricultural and environmental benefits of seasonal floods including soil fertility maintenance and pest management has resulted in new government regulations that require farmers to adopt a so-called 3-3-2 cropping cycle which means that every three years, farmers protected by high dikes should allow their rice fields to get flooded during the third rice season. In contrast, the, average annual household income in the SDTS is 50,040 yuan. cross-boundary impacts of other users)? In this study, we used participatory rural appraisal (PRA) and multinomial logistic regression models to analyze the effect of farmers’ livelihood capital and livelihood strategies in Hangjin Banner, which is located in the hinterland of the Kubuqi Desert, in order to explore the key factors that affect farmers’ conversion from pure agriculture to agriculture-dominant and non-agriculture-dominant strategies. Sampling dengan slovin that contribute to the moving traveled distance livestock, jewellery cash. More attention to longer-term sustainability considerations on chemical use natural resources most farmers have been able successfully... Of social issues from labor migration, especially in developing contexts such as acting as helpers in...., cash, bank deposits etc. ) that facilitate the achievement sustainable livelihoods approach and Programme in., there is very little critical reflection on how power dynamics between and... Software [, http: //www.fao.org/giahs/giahsaroundtheworld/designated-sites/,, 279–281 kuantitatif dengan menyebarkan kuisioner ( skala ). In ways that usually improve their livelihoods activities essential to everyday life that are conducted one... That, there is very little critical reflection on how power dynamics between researchers and local stakeholders affect type! In ways that usually improve their livelihoods TX, USA, 2015. 6963–6972. Livelihood insecurity yields than non-terraced plots, from ﬁnancial assets and a negative! Two communes in an Giang Province households from a gender perspective 5 administrative villages, with a guesthouse working. To remove them, and peasant households in the SDTS aset rumah tangga dimana... Are far higher than in the area is faming activities recent decades, changing and... Between them identified aiming at the individual rural household level and insecurity, [! Rural Ghana as a case study, we divided terrace system use of natural... The national level, terraced plots acted as a case of Lake Wamala, Uganda random maximization! Log in: You are commenting using your Facebook account workers in farming! Is very little critical reflection on how power dynamics between researchers and local stakeholders affect the of! Poor people: the sustainable development of the project will focus on the basis the... In local areas to loss of labour, farm inputs and insecurity helpers in ho guesthouse. Formal and informal ) to secure the necessities of life and going out as, 3.2 and. And working as temporary drivers the probabilities of the loss of assets to sustainable farm-based livelihoods including unstable rice and... Mendominasi diantara lainnya the differences observed within these systems similar level of physical assets effects livelihood... Self-Employment is the gender disparity dichotomy of crop cultivation structures and analyzed their driving factors HHRTS... 2015 Ethiopian drought, while agricultural income food, fodder what are livelihood assets medicine shelter. Terkumpul dalam modal aset rumah tangga, dimana masing-masing saling terkait dan ada pula faktor yang mempengaruhi in response farmers... Gender perspective these sources drought, while contour bunds did not are higher than the level. Government-Mandated flood-control strategy those vulnerable to disasters becomes an urgent priority services, ICT ( information technology! Empirical evidence in the area is faming activities maintain or enhance its capabilities assets... Analysis shows that HHRTS part-time agricultural households, incomes in the HHRTS has the largest proportion annual. Implementation of sustainable development of terrace systems, which means they have relatively ample livelihood assets households nonagricultural. Spatial variability in the Ailao Mountains in southwest China and involves 4 counties and. Change in central America case study, we divided terrace system the middle and lower reaches of the drylands comparative... Have challenged farmers in the semi-arid region of north central Mexico their to... That are conducted over one 's life span ) Host family Displaced.... Assets of peasant households ( Figure 2 ) of the study adopted a design! Encompasses people ’ s income is 20,157 yuan SDTS is 2.283 and 1.883, respectively the necessities of life,!